Garam masala is a blend of ground spices commonly used in Indian cuisine. The term “garam masala” translates to “hot spices” in English, but it doesn’t necessarily refer to the spiciness or heat level of the blend. Instead, “hot” in this context refers to the warming and aromatic qualities of the spices.
Garam masala typically includes a combination of spices like cinnamon, cardamom, cloves, cumin, coriander, nutmeg, and black pepper. The exact composition can vary depending on regional and personal preferences. The spices are usually toasted and ground together to create a fine powder.
Garam masala is often added to dishes towards the end of the cooking process or used as a finishing touch to enhance the flavor and aroma of the dish. It’s a versatile spice blend that can be used in both savory and sweet dishes, although it’s more commonly associated with savory dishes like curries, stews, lentils, and rice dishes.