“Hawan Samagri” refers to the collection of various materials and substances used in a Hindu religious ritual called “havan” or “yagna.” Havan is a sacred fire ritual performed to invoke deities, seek blessings, and purify the environment. The samagri (materials) used in the havan are carefully chosen and have specific symbolic meanings.
The exact composition of hawan samagri can vary based on regional traditions and personal preferences, but it generally includes a combination of the following items:
Herbs and Plant Materials: Items like dried herbs, ghee (clarified butter), grains, and various medicinal plants are common components. They are believed to release positive energies when burned.
Wood: Different types of wood, such as sandalwood, are often used for the fire. Sandalwood is considered auspicious and has a pleasant fragrance.
Sweets and Fruits: Sweets like jaggery and fruits like coconut and dried fruits might be offered to the fire as offerings to deities.
Spices: Common spices used include camphor, cardamom, cloves, and dried turmeric. These items add fragrance and are considered to have purifying properties.
Rice: Uncooked rice grains are often offered as a symbol of abundance and sustenance.
Ghee: Ghee is a significant element as it is offered into the fire as an oblation. It represents purity and the offering of one’s ego.
Incense: Fragrant incense sticks or cones might be used to enhance the aroma and atmosphere during the ritual.
Dried Grass and Twigs: These materials are used to kindle the fire.
Sandalwood Paste: Sandalwood paste is often applied to the forehead and other parts of the body as a sign of purification.
Holy Water: Water from sacred rivers or special waters prepared with chanting may also be sprinkled during the ritual.
Cotton Thread: A cotton thread (moli or kalava) is often tied around the wrists of participants as a protective talisman.